HOLBROOK
UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT #3
Holbrook Schools View
Title I

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY ACT

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was passed as a part of United States President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty" and has been the most far-reaching federal legislation affecting education ever passed by the United States Congress. The act is an extensive statute that funds primary and secondary education.[1] It also emphasizes equal access to education and establishes high standards and accountability.[2] In addition, the bill aims to shorten the achievement gaps between students by providing each child with fair and equal opportunities to achieve an exceptional education. As mandated in the act, the funds are authorized for professional development, instructional materials, for resources to support educational programs, and for parental involvement promotion. The act was originally authorized through 1965; however, the government has reauthorized the act every five years since its enactment. The reauthorization of ESEA by President George W. Bush was known as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. ESEA was reauthorized on December 10, 2015, as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) by President Barack Obama.[3] The ESEA also allows military recruiters access to 11thand 12th grade students' names, addresses, and telephone listings when requested.